Luther Burbank
A Pioneer Plant Breeder

1902Luther Burbank was born on March 7, 1849 and died on April 11, 1926.  Over the span of his life, he became known as one of North America's foremost American plant breeders.

In 1875, at the age of 26, Burbank sold the rights to the "best white potato" to James J. H. Gregory and used the funds to finance his move to California.

Mr. Burbank on his 64th BirthdayHe experimented with thousands of plant varieties and developed more than eight hundred named varieties and strains over his fifty five year career. His improvement work included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables.

This work included the introduction of new varieties of tomatoes, corn, squash, peas, and asparagus.  He introduced new varieties of prunes, plums, raspberries, blackberries, apples, peaches, and nectarines.  He also developed a spineless cactus useful as a cattle feed, many new flowers, especially lilies and the famous Shasta daisy.


Sources:

  1. Burbank's Methods SeriesBurbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume I (1914)

  2. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume II (1914)

  3. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume III (1914)

  4. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume IV (1914)

  5. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume V (1914)

  6. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume VI (1914)

  7. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume VII (1914)

  8. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume VIII (1914)

  9. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume IX (1914)

  10. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume X (1914)

  11. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume XI (1914)

  12. Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926 Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application: Volume XII (1914)

  13. Luther Burbank: His Methods and Discoveries and Their Practical Application

 

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